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Festive opening hours


We’re open throughout the festive period and we’d love to see you! 
You can visit the museum at the following times:

Saturday 23 December10:00 – 16:30
CHRISTMAS EVE (Sunday 24 December)CLOSED
CHRISTMAS DAY (Monday 25 December)CLOSED
BOXING DAY (Tuesday 26 December)14:00 – 16:30
Wednesday 27 DecemberCLOSED
Thursday 28 December10:00 – 16:30
Friday 29 December10:00 – 16:30
Saturday 30 December10:00 – 16:30
NEW YEARS EVE (Sunday 31 December)14:00 – 16:30
NEW YEARS DAY(Monday 1 January)14:00 – 16:30


Object of the Month – December 2017


December’s Object of the Month is a pair of robins. The birds were chosen as Object of the Month by Sarah Kenyon, Natural Sciences Officer.

This adult female robin has the familiar red face and breast feathers. It is a mounted, or stuffed, bird specimen that was given to the museum during the 1800s. Male and female adult robins look identical. On display with her is the preserved skin of a young male robin whose feathers are brown with pale spots. Juvenile robins grow red feathers after their first moult. This young robin was found dead at Saffron Walden, Essex in August 2000. Study skins prepared like this are used for research in museums.

The European robin, Erithacus rubecula, is a member of the thrush family, so it is related to the blackbird and the nightingale. They live in woodland, hedgerows, parks and gardens. Robins from northern Europe may visit Britain during winter. These small song birds only live for a couple of years. Robins eat worms, snails, insects, spiders and seeds, berries and fruits.
Robins are often pictured in snowy scenes on Christmas cards. However, a robin can use up 10% of its body weight during a cold night. Unless a bird is able to feed well every day a prolonged cold spell can be fatal. Putting out food on bird tables can help robins to survive. They eat mealworms, scraps of meat, fat, cheese, cake and biscuit crumbs, dried fruit and crushed peanuts.

The robin is one of the few birds that hold a territory all year round for breeding and feeding. In summer a territory is defended by a male and female breeding pair. During winter each robin will hold an individual territory. Robins will always defend their territories from other robins. They sometimes fight to the death.

Robins sing all year round because they need to defend their territories. They will also sing at night, usually under artificial street lighting, and are often mistaken for nightingales. The song is a rippling stream of crystal-clear notes with changes of speed and volume. An alarm call is a sharp “tic”, or repeated ticking “tic-ic-ic…”.

Breeding and Nesting
Robins normally start breeding in March. Males and females only pair up for a season. They nest on, or near, the ground in sites such as hollow in a bank or tree root, in climbing plants or in sheds. British robins prefer open-fronted nest boxes. A female builds a cup-shaped nest from moss and dead leaves, and then lines it with hair.
The female lays and incubates four to six eggs. The young leave the nest, called fledging, at 14 days old. Their parents look after them for up to three weeks. Most pairs of robins will try to raise three broods of chicks a year.

You can see the robins on display in the museum until 1 January 2018.

Object in Focus – Medieval Seal Matrix


We are preparing to re-display our special ‘treasure’ case in the archaeology gallery, to include some new finds we have just acquired under the Treasure Act. These include a small silver medieval seal matrix, a metal stamp with a design to press into sealing wax and make a seal. Curator Carolyn Wingfield has been doing a little research into medieval seal matrices as part of the preparation for the display.

Document with seal (Portable Antiquities Scheme/ The Trustees of the British Museum)

In the Middle Ages, anyone with property or money would probably need to seal official documents, or send letters in the course of managing personal and family business. Royalty, nobility and the Church had large and impressive official seals attached to their documents. People of lesser rank, such as clerics, merchants or farmers, would use small seal matrices made of lead or copper alloy to imprint a wax seal only 1-2cms across. Silver seal matrices are rarer and so we can imagine someone of some wealth and social status owned our silver seal matrix.

These small, common seal matrices were suspended by a cord from a belt or carried in a purse and so frequently got lost. As a result, metal detectorists find lots of seal matrices. The Portable Antiquities Scheme has recorded over 4,000 seal matrices on its database – 139 of them are from Essex.

Impression of the medieval seal matrix recently acquired by the museum

Seal matrices show a wonderful variety of inscriptions and designs, though there are certain themes which were popular. Many give us the names of their owners, ordinary people such as ‘Richard son of Ralph’ or ‘Annais the wife of William Dun’. Religious symbols and portraits of favourite saints occur as well as comic ones, such as a sleeping lion with the inscription ‘Wake Me No Man’. Other inscriptions include an instruction in Latin ‘Frange. Lege.Tege’ meaning ‘Break [the seal]. Read [the letter]. Conceal [the contents]’. Carolyn’s personal favourite was a seal matrix shown to her by a local metal-detectorist several years ago. It was engraved with a comical medieval ‘cartoon’ character which had a large two-faced head, running along on two little legs. The Latin inscription translated as ‘The Seal of Nonesuch’. Clearly some of our ancestors enjoyed a joke!

You can see some of the museum’s collection of Treasure on display in the Great Hall or have a look at our Treasure20 campaign

A Day in the Life of the Museum

For Mass Observation Day on 12 May 2017, museum staff kept a diary of what they got up to on a “typical day” in the museum. 12 May just happened to be the museum’s 182nd birthday! The diary will be submitted to the Mass Observation Archive and added to the museum’s archive.  Here’s what we got up to…

Natural Sciences Schools Loan

09:00     Staff arrive for work. Security & Premises Officer Stefan unlocks the building and makes sure we’re ready for opening at 10am. 

09:00     Natural Sciences Officer Sarah responds to an enquiry from a local school about the loans boxes we have available. The museum loans out boxes of original and replica objects to schools for use in the classroom. 

09:30     Collections Officer Leah researches and writes up information about June’s Object of the Month, a print of an engraving of Easton Lodge near Dunmow. The print will be displayed in the museum throughout June and shared on the museum’s website and social media.

10:00     Security & Premises Officer Stefan checks the temperature and humidity levels in the galleries. Levels in both the galleries and the stores are monitored on a weekly basis so that staff can respond quickly to any problems.  

Repacking project in the world cultures store

10:00     Volunteer Jill arrives for her shift on the welcome desk. The museum’s welcome desk is managed entirely by volunteers, who welcome visitors, sell tickets and souvenirs, and provide information to visitors

10:30     Collections Officer Leah checks the work of two of her collections volunteers, who spent the previous day auditing and repacking the museum’s world cultures collection.  She updates the locations of the objects packed on the museum’s collections management system, Modes.

10:45     A member of the public brings in a piece of pottery to be identified by Curator Carolyn. The museum offers a free identification service.

11:00     IT Officer Ian updates staff computers following an upgrade to the council’s system. The museum is run by Uttlesford District Council, which provides invaluable support for IT, Human Resources, Communications and many other areas.

11:00     Collections Officer Leah takes in a donation of six Woman’s Christian Temperance Union plates. The plates were found in the Friends’ Meeting House in Saffron Walden, where the WCTU set up a Reading Room for soldiers during World War I. They will be accessioned into the museum’s social history collection.

12:00     Collections Officer Leah provides information about George Nathan Maynard and his son Guy Maynard, the first two curators of the museum, to two visitors. Our curatorial staff carry out research into the museum’s collections and history, and are always happy to respond to enquiries from the public.

12:30     Volunteer Ann arrives for her shift on the welcome desk.

Volunteer Jill

12:30     Curator Carolyn works on updates to the museum’s Service Plan for the following year. The Service Plan outlines the main goals and objectives for the museum and enables staff to plan their work and set targets.

13:30     Volunteer Jill arrives back in the museum after lunch to begin her second volunteering shift of the day. As well as volunteering on the welcome desk, Jill volunteers behind-the-scenes helping us to catalogue the museum’s local history document archive.

14:00     Collections Officer Leah creates a ‘Frightful Facts’ tour around the museum for our upcoming Museums at Night event on 19 May. We open up the museum at night, turn off all the lights and challenge visitors to complete our trail by torchlight!

14:00     Natural Sciences Officer Sarah and Museum Assistant Fiona create resources for our upcoming half-term family activities. The museum will be running Nature Explorer activities and trails on 31 May and 1 June.

Example of Hawaiian barkcloth

14:30     Volunteer Christine arrives for her shift on the welcome desk.

14:45     Curator Carolyn and Collections Officer Leah inspect a piece of Hawaiian barkcloth in the museum’s world cultures collection. A German museum has requested to loan the barkcloth for an exhibition and staff need to ensure it is in a stable enough condition to be transported and displayed.

15:00     Natural Sciences Officer Sarah and Museum Assistant Fiona look after the live Malaysian sticks insects that live in the museum’s Discovery Centre. The stick insects need spraying with fresh water every day. They eat bramble, which is changed once a week.

Sheet music offered to the collection

15:15     Collections Officer Leah takes in a donation of a book of sheet music, including a song called ‘Walden Market’, written in the old Essex dialect. She will check the existing collection to see if the museum already has a copy and, if not, the sheet music will be accessioned into the social history collection.

15:30     Staff and volunteers enjoy tea and chocolate cake to celebrate the museum’s birthday!

16:00     Curator Carolyn contacts a textile specialist about a recent acquisition to the archaeology collection: a medieval bronze brooch with a piece of well-preserved textile attached. The museum needs specialist advice to help date and conserve the textile.

16:30     Curator Carolyn prepares a loan box of Anglo-Saxon replicas and objects requested for educational use next week at a village school.

16:50     Volunteer Christine cashes up the till and makes sure everything is ready for the start of the Saturday shift. Our final visitors leave the museum and staff start the process of shutting down and locking up.

If you want to find out more about the work of the museum, follow the links in the diary entries or contact us

Hoard of coins found in piano

The following press release has been released by the Portable Antiquities Scheme, regarding a hoard of gold coins found in a piano that began its life in Saffron Walden. Anyone with information about the hoard should contact the Portable Antiquities Scheme on the details below. The museum is unable to answer any queries about this matter. 

On 16 March 2017, an inquest was resumed by H.M. Senior Coroner, Mr. John Ellery at Shrewsbury Coroner’s Court, in relation to a substantial find of potential Treasure recently discovered within a piano in South West Shropshire. The inquest was originally opened on 12 January 2017 and adjourned awaiting further investigation.  The find was swiftly reported by the current owners of the piano and was deposited at Ludlow Museum Resource Centre / Shropshire Museums before Christmas. The coroner commends all parties who have to date provided him with valuable information and co-operation in this case.

The hoard is less than 300 years old and to qualify as Treasure under the terms defined by the Treasure Act (1996) it must be substantially made of gold or silver; deliberately concealed by the owner with a view to later recovery; and the owner, or his or her present heirs or successors, must be unknown.

On the 12 January Mr. Ellery asked the public for information regarding the hoards original owners and their heirs or successors. He is very grateful to the media for the publicity they gave the story and for all the members of the public who have come forward with information or with potential claims.

On 16 March, Mr Ellery heard about the nature of the find. The hoard is formed of gold sovereigns and half sovereigns dating from the reigns of Victoria, Edward VII and George V. The oldest coin within the group was made in 1847 and the youngest in 1915. This suggests that the coins were deliberately hidden after this date. He also heard that the history of the piano had been securely traced after 1983. He is still
seeking information about the ownership of the piano between 1906 and 1983. We know that the piano was originally sold to Messrs Beavan and Mothersole of Saffron Walden, Essex in 1906 and was acquired through private sale again in Saffron Walden in 1983.

The Coroner has therefore deferred the conclusion of the inquest to allow for more time for anyone to come forward with information about the piano from the North Essex / Saffron Walden area. The inquest will resume and conclude on 20 April 2017.

Anyone with information about the previous owners of the piano, their heirs or successors, or the extent of the hoard, should provide this in writing to Mr. Ellery at the Coroner’s Office for Shropshire, Telford and Wrekin at the Shirehall, Abbey Foregate, Shrewsbury, SY2 6ND. The Coroner will require evidence about the extent of the find (i.e. what it comprises); how, when, where and why the find was concealed; and evidence upon which they can be sure of the ownership by any potential claimant.

All other enquiries regarding the case should be made in the first instance to Peter Reavill, Finds Liaison Officer for Shropshire and Herefordshire, British Museum’s Portable Antiquities Scheme. c/o Ludlow Museum Resource Centre, 7-9 Parkway, Ludlow, Shropshire SY8 2PG; Tel: 01743 25 4748; Email:


John Betjeman’s favourite!

Our attention was recently drawn to a recording of a BBC radio programme, in which the English poet John Betjeman (1906-1984) gave a very favourable mention to Saffron Walden Museum.

The radio programme featured some letters of Betjeman to various acquaintances, including one written on 15 July 1937 to Mary Adams, the first female television producer at the BBC. The letter reveals that Mary Adams had asked Betjeman to make a television programme, entitled ‘How to Make a Guidebook’. Betjeman thought this topic to be unimportant, not least because he “loaths museums” – that is, except for a select few! He states in the letter:

“The museums…I simply loath, except the Soane [Sir John Soane’s Museum, London], Saffron Walden, Dulwich Art Gallery and minor provincial collections”.

Museum’s centenary celebrations

Betjeman must have visited the museum sometime in the 1930s. At this time, lack of space and lack of money were causing problems for the museum’s trustees. However, visitor numbers were not declining and, as is clear from Betjeman’s letter, visitors seemed to appreciate the museum. In 1932, there was cause for celebration when the museum celebrated the centenary of the Saffron Walden Natural History Society, who established the museum.

We were delighted to hear this high praise for our museum from such a well-respected national figure!